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The Definition of a Bunion

Monday, 16 March 2020 00:00

The medical term for a condition that is referred to as a bunion, is known as a hallux valgus deformity. It is defined as a bony protrusion that forms on the side of the big toe, and may affect the positioning toes next to it. It may occur from genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. This condition is also considered to be a form of arthritis. It may lead to bursitis, which is an inflammation that develops over the affected joint. If you are in the beginning stages of developing a bunion, it is advised that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer a correct diagnosis and begin the proper treatment.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. Harris L. Klear of Burlington County Podiatry Associates. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Marlton and Delran, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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